Birth rates and death rates together determine the population of a country. A country or region’s birth rate is calculated by considering the number of live births per 1000 population with respect to the time period measured in years. The birth rate is called natality and has a lot to do with demonstrating a country’s present development scenario and future.
According to the World Health Organisation, countries should know their birth rate and death rate to have well functioning. Knowing birth rate using statistics is better as compared to censuses because the demographic birth rate is taken every 10 years, thus they’re not the best source of data for birth rate. In contrast, accurate online statistics services like birth clocks are the closest possible to live updates on births recorded around the world.
This gives real-time updates on the increasing population of the world, helps you understand which current phenomena are impacting live birth rates, help you predict and prevent similar situations in the future. For instance, a gas leak tragedy in an area can lead to several mortal births of babies, and if this is noted in time, a system of better measures can be put into practice. When compared to the population, birth rates statistics also help us determine how sound the medical and healthcare facilities of different regions are.
The global birth rate in 2016 was calculated to be 18.5 births per 1000 total population whereas the death rate was calculated to be 7.8 per 1,000. The resulting RNI (Rate of Natural Increase) was thus 1.6 percent. The 2016 global birth demographics indicated that approximately 4 babies were born every second or about 256 births in a minute! Despite the good looking figures, a comparison to the statistics of 2012 and 2007 reveals that the birth rate had gone significantly lower by over 1 point in the decade.
A higher birth rate indicates a healthy country, however, it can have a negative impact on an already bustling population struggling to survive under limited resources. For instance, in developing countries, children are forced to illegally do laborious jobs or resort to street begging because the families on the lower side of the income graphs are not able to support their children. In these countries, birth rates are higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives, sex education, and family planning.
In 2010, surprisingly, the UK had a whopping 24% rise in its total live births; which became the highest recorded birth rate in the country in 40 years. There were 640,370 live births in England and Wales in 2019, a decrease of 2.5% since 2018 and a 12.2% decrease since the most recent peak in 2012.
The CBR UK population clocks is calculated by registering the number of live births per 1,000 population, divided by the period in years. Arithmetically, it is the number of live births x 1,000 / the total estimated population of UK.
The records for live births come from official records created when registering births. Anyone can find the crude birth rate if they have two information, the live births and population count. Else, we have our online calculator to do the job.
Birth Measures and Trends in UK
The statisticians discovered a few interesting trends while calculating the CBR. The birth rate recorded in 2018 was the lowest since UK records started recording births in 1947. Interestingly, the drop from 1947 to 2018 was a sheer 45.9%.
The decline in the CBR is mainly due to the dip in fertility rates of UK current population. One more significant change is observed in the fertility rate in the UK that has steadily scaled down from about 1.9 to 1.79 births per woman between 2010 and 2017.
Along with that, the ageing population has also played a part in bringing down the birth rates. However, the fertility rate of women over 40 in the UK remains unchanged from the 1970s to 2017, at 16.1 per 1,000 women.
On the contrary, the fertility rate of younger women aged under 20 has decreased gradually. It stands at 11.9 per 1,000 women, striking a dip of 6.3% from 2017. The trend of delaying childbearing until older years is more prominent in the recent course of years.
The birth rates within marriages also suffered a decrease of 5.8% from 2017. There were 80.5 births per 1,000 married females from 15 to 44 years of age.
The trends match worldwide decreasing rates of birth. Women are taking up jobs and delaying childbirth. Discouraging economic conditions and family planning are also contributory factors.