Birth rates and death rates together determine the population of a country. A country or region’s birth rate is calculated by considering the number of live births per 1000 population with respect to the time period measured in years. The birth rate is called natality and has a lot to do with demonstrating a country’s present development scenario and future.
According to the World Health Organisation, countries should know their birth rate and death rate to have well functioning. Knowing birth rate using statistics is better as compared to censuses because the demographic birth rate is taken every 10 years, thus they’re not the best source of data for birth rate. In contrast, accurate online statistics services like birth clocks are the closest possible to live updates on births recorded around the world.
This gives real-time updates on the increasing population of the world, helps you understand which current phenomena are impacting live birth rates, help you predict and prevent similar situations in the future. For instance, a gas leak tragedy in an area can lead to several mortal births of babies, and if this is noted in time, a system of better measures can be put into practice. When compared to the population, birth rates statistics also help us determine how sound the medical and healthcare facilities of different regions are.
The global birth rate in 2016 was calculated to be 18.5 births per 1000 total population whereas the death rate was calculated to be 7.8 per 1,000. The resulting RNI (Rate of Natural Increase) was thus 1.6 percent. The 2016 global birth demographics indicated that approximately 4 babies were born every second or about 256 births in a minute! Despite the good looking figures, a comparison to the statistics of 2012 and 2007 reveals that the birth rate had gone significantly lower by over 1 point in the decade.
A higher birth rate indicates a healthy country, however, it can have a negative impact on an already bustling population struggling to survive under limited resources. For instance, in developing countries, children are forced to illegally do laborious jobs or resort to street begging because the families on the lower side of the income graphs are not able to support their children. In these countries, birth rates are higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives, sex education, and family planning.
The crude birth rate or CBR of Australia was 12.6 in 2018, according to the World Bank. That means there were 12.6 births per 1,000 population in the country. As per Statista, the CBR of Australia is 12.9 in 2020.
The formula for calculating CBR is really simple-
Total number of live births x 1,0000 / estimated mid-year population
Statisticians source the number of live births from government records. Everyone can find out the birth rate of a country using the above formula. For example, if a country had 670 births per 1,000, and has a population of 108,500, then the CRB will be-
670 x 1,000 / 108,500 = 6.17 per 1,000 population.
Australia Birth Rate Trends
The birth rate for live population of Australia peaked in 2016 at 311,104 while in 2017, 309,142 births were recorded. Besides the low birth rate, the 2017 TFR (Total Fertility Rate) of 1.74 was the lowest rate on record, which declined from a high peak of 3.55 in 1961. Since 1976, Australia's birth rate, as well as the total fertility rate, has been relatively low.
For 2020, the birth rate decreased by 1.25% from 2019. Over the years, we have seen a steady decline in CBR in Australia like all over the world. The fertility rate signifies the hypothetical number of children an Australian woman will have in her lifetime. The rate is calculated based on per 1,000 women.
Younger women are recording the lowest fertility rates since the boom in the 1970s. On the other hand, older women over 30 are recording more births since 1980. Economists say childbearing costs and low wages are crucial in deciding not to have babies. Additionally, the ageing population of Australia also contributes to lower birth rates.
The dip in birth rates of younger women is due to participation in labour and family planning. Sex education is an important factor, too, influencing the decisions to have a baby.
The declining birth trends in Canada current population align with the rest of the world. Canada being a developed country, is recording lower rates than developing countries like Nigeria. The fertility rates also match the birth rates to provide an overall picture of declining childbirth.
The above statistics, when compared with those of the developing countries, prove that developed countries record lower births than developing countries, and the increasing population of the latter, in turn, becomes a hurdle in their development. Keeping check of birth rates through accurate online statistics services can not only act as an efficient indicator of the collective health of a region but also a reminder to take measures to counter and manage the excess population.